What is IOT (Internet of Things)?
Internet of Things or IoT is an environment or network where everything and everyone are connected. Internet of Things is growing rapidly with more devices getting connected every day. The more technical definition would be The Internet of Things (IoT) is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. By unique identifier means, any other natural or man-made object that can be assigned an IP address and provided with the ability to transfer data over a network.
Dr. John Barrett explains the Internet of Things in his TED talk:
There are many areas of applications of the Internet of Things like consumer, health, industrial, transportation, security, entertainment and many other. The list of possible applications of IoT is endless. IoT is the latest emerging field, fast, efficient, reliable, and reduces the need for human interaction; hence making the world a better place to live.
In this article, we are going to discuss top 5 IoT Projects from around the globe.
1) Home Automation
Home Automation and controlling the devices remotely was never been as easy as it is now after the introduction of IoT. There are hundreds of home automation projects which show hundreds of ways through which you can control home appliances easily and effectively. Here are some of the home appliances projects examples.
a) Hand Gesture Controlled Home Automation
IoT is rapidly transforming the destiny of devices which are placed at a core with a specified task in our world. The extensive use of sensors is just one of the distinctive factors. That being said, there are various techniques to implement gesture control for home appliances too. Hand gestures are simple and easy to implement while using electronic components which are mentioned in this IoT project.This IoT project is available at: Home automation using hand gesture
b) Smart Garage Door
Gone are the days when you had to kick open the garage door or use the bulky electronic key which falls out of battery power every now and then. If you would like to keep up with the trend, this project is for you. Designing this project would help you put away that annoying clicker that keeps getting lost. Using a smartphone’s built-in communication technology, this replaces the clicker with your smartphone. This IoT project is available at: Garage door clicker
c) Automated Blinds
Automation is getting the best of everything around and even blinders are not spaces. Hilariously enough, if you wish to start setting up automation at home using your own efforts, it would be great to start with blinders. With you can win laurels while they open and close at your will. Happy DIY times are ahead. This next DIY is also being quoted as the cheapest DIY. What do you feel? This IoT project is available at: Automated blinds
2) Connected Smart Kitchen
The Internet of Things is making possible a new wave of smart kitchen gadgets, from sensors that know when the stove has been left on to forks that remind us to slow down and savour each bite. Here’s a roundup of IoT products that are changing the way we order, store, cook and consume food in our homes.
a) Amazon Dash
The Dash wand collects items for your list and orders them through Amazon Fresh, a local delivery service which also includes hundreds of thousands of non-grocery Amazon items. Fresh is still being rolled out to select cities, so Dash isn’t yet widely available.
GeniCan may be the only commercial IoT device that’s actually meant to be unboxed and put straight in the trash. Perching on the lid of a waste bin, it scansor takes voice recordings to track items as you throw them away, so you’re always ready to restock the pantry.
Kepler, a natural gas and carbon monoxide monitor, could just as easily live in any room of the house, or even in the basement near a gas-fired boiler. But it’s especially useful in the kitchen, where it can check for gas buildup from a leaky or forgotten stove.
One of the best and simplest ways to lose weight—while still enjoying your food—is to eat a little bit slower. Using a capacitive sensor and a built-in vibration motor, HAPIfork (“happy fork”) will send out gentle physical notifications or flash small indicator lights when it detects that you’re shovelling food in faster than you can digest.
e) Range Digital Thermometer
Range is a precision food thermometer designed to play nice with today’s technology. It’s wired — embedded electronics wouldn’t survive in the oven or on the grill — and plugs into a phone or tablet to provide temperature graphs and instant readouts. And this exactly is the case with Range thermometer. So cook your food as much as you want.
3) Smart Cities
There are a number of IoT-based projects on making cities smarter, faster and secure. Below are some of the famous projects of smart cities currently in full swing.
a) Baggage Tracker
It is said that only 1% of baggage is lost during air travel, it sounds like a very small number. However, when we move to absolute numbers, 1% from billions of travellers is still a huge number. The next bag that they lose might be yours. There is an automated system that tracks your baggage even while it is in the air. Build it, keep it in your bag and you can track all the details from your phone. This IoT project is available at Baggage Tracking
b) Smart Trash Collector
In real-world use-case for a smart-city, a command centre could monitor the amount of trash in and around an area or city. The respective Municipal departments can optimize garbage pickup timings and personnel required to send vehicles to pick up trash to designated places while cutting down on expenses of fuel and vehicle emission. This next project designs a unique innovation using Internet of things which is to monitor the usage trash in a smart trash can. This IoT project is available at Smart Trash Collection
c) Facial Recognition Door
Self-built home security projects are some of the most popular DIY projects because they can be lower cost and lower profile than bulky professional installations. Here’s a project that controls entry access using facial recognition, thanks to Microsoft’s Project Oxford. This project from Mazudo is based on Raspberry Pi and Windows IoT. This IoT Project is available at: Facial Recognition Door
4) Industrial Automation:
There are numerous IoT projects being built ans used around the globe which are revolutionizing the industry comletely.
a) Industry Automation:
This project proposes efficient industry automation system that allows users to efficiently control industry appliances/machines over the internet. For a demonstration of this system, there are 3 loads as industrial appliances or machines and a motor to demonstrate as an industrial motor. The system uses an AVR family microcontroller for processing all user commands. A Wi-Fi modem is used to connect to the internet and receive user commands. Also it displays the system state on an LCD display. Thus it automates entire industry using online GUI for easy industry automation.
This IoT Project is available at Industry Automation
b) Vehicle Simulation:
When thinking about how the internet-of-things will evolve, it is easy to predict vehicles will be a significant focal point for consumer applications, since vehicles currently represent by far the biggest technology expenditure/investment by the average consumer. Vehicles are very complex machines incorporating multiple microcontrollers communicating via on-board busses. The level of electronic technology in vehicles has exploded and there is a large amount of vehicle data readily available on the diagnostic bus which is used locally, but not yet used for the vast number of potential external applications. Thinking of building an IoT-enabled vehicle? Using a Beaglebone Black, Douglas Wong and the team created an open-source application that gives you an environment to test your potential application. It simulates a real vehicle. And it’s a MUST HAVE if you are creating one of those 26 billion IoT devices. Because the car that can stop accidents from happening is going to be the must-have car of 2020.
This IoT project is available at Vehicle Simulation.
5) Smart Bike Locks And Trackers
The Internet of Things is making a new breed of gear available to tech-savvy cyclists. Anti-theft devices track a bike’s location and send alerts if it leaves a designated area, while smart bike locks can be opened without a physical key and allow several riders to share access to a single bike. Many of these devices offer additional features like ride analytics and crash alerts.
Digital bike security is available in a variety of forms, from smart accessories and U-locks to bikes with GPS trackers built right into the frame. Here are some options available on the retail market also.
Say goodbye to keys. Never again worry about losing your key, searching for them in your purse, pocket, or on your key ring.
With BitLock, you can also share the location and access to your bike with friends and family. You can see the details and order it online on here.
LINKA is the World’s first auto-unlocking smart bike lock. It’s also hard mounted to your bike so you’re always ready to lock up. With LINKA’s coolest revolutionary Auto-Unlock feature, you no longer have to pull out your keys or fidget with a bulky lock. As you approach your bike, LINKA will recognize you and unlock automatically. You can see the details or buy Linka here.
The Cricket is your first line of defense – a small, lightweight silent alarm for your bikes. When combined with our free iPhone app, it allows you to sit back, enjoy and know your beloved bikes are safe where you left them. It has a number of other features too like movement sensor, year long battery, and stolen bike locator etc. You can learn more about it here.
With all these countless benefits of IoT, there are some hazards and disadvantages also attached with this technology and some of them are really serious.
Hazards of IoT
According to Steve Leibson, who identifies himself as “occasional docent at the Computer History Museum,” the address space expansion means that we could “assign an IPV6 address to every atom on the surface of the earth, and still have enough addresses left to do another 100+ earths.” In other words, humans could easily assign an IP address to every “thing” on the planet. But along with an increase in the number of smart nodes, as well as the amount of upstream data the nodes generate, is expected to raise new concerns about data privacy, data sovereignty and security.
Internet of Things is a revolutionary technology which is changing the world and how we see and interact with the devices. The technology is very helpful in every field of life and these few projects are chainging the world completly. Now there is need to work more on these projects and make them accessible and useful for the whole world. Also, care should be taken when it comes to the drawbacks and hazards of IoT. The public should be make aware of what they are sharing and with whom. This blog is also a struggle towards this cause.